Got any questions lemme know ! The peas and beans provide natural shade for the spinach. Summer savory, for example, may help hide your bush beans from pests, while tansy is said to repel Colorado pota-to beetles from a potato planting. If you maintain a small-sized garden, planting these three crops will help you maximize space. All Rights Reserved. Flax contains tannin and linseed oils which may offend the Colorado potato bug. Sacrificially attracts insects that feed on tomatoes, Repels cabbage flies, has same general companion properties as other mints, Deters cabbage flies, repels many bean parasites, Avoid any member of the allium family and common rue. Sunflowers, when in bloom at the right time, sheltered beneficial insects which lowered thrips populations. Much of companion planting is common sense: Lettuce, radishes, and other quick-growing plants sown between hills of melons or winter squash will mature and be harvested long before these vines need more leg room. Vegetable garden companion planting examples and companion plantings plant lists. Its scent is disliked by most pests, and this plant is also thought to have Nurse Plant properties, enhancing the growth and flavor of crops grown with it. rapa", "Effect of garlic and onion extracts or their intercropping on suppressing damping-off and powdery mildew diseases and growth characteristics of cucumber", "Intercropping of green garlic (Allium sativum L.) induces nutrient concentration changes in the soil and plants in continuously cropped cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) in a plastic tunnel", "Effects of border crops and intercrops on control of cucurbit virus diseases", "Responses of Whitefly, Bemisia tabaci (Genn.) 8 Examples of Good Companion Plants. Cucurbits, brassica, lettuce, rosemary, dill, strawberry. Tomatoes and basil make a great combination in the kitchen and in the garden. Peas and garlic when planted closely together suppress each other's growth; however the profit over land area used is higher. Chamomile, lettuce, brassicas, onions, tomatoes, oregano, thyme, marjoram, sage, rosemary, basil, lemon balm, squash, Has been shown to reduce cutworms in eggplant in laboratory trials but needs field testing, Is thought to improve the health of almost all plants, like borage and geraniums, is considered a "magic bullet" of companion planting. If using clover as an intercrop it should be sown after cabbage transplant so as not to affect crop yield. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, redistributed or translated. Alfalfa has demonstrated some allelopathic effects to tomato seedlings, Beans, corn, cucumber, eggplant, lettuce, marigold, melon and sunflower, Peanuts encourage growth of corn and squash, Many types of grass including Kentucky bluegrass (, Black walnut is harmful to the growth of all, This page was last edited on 6 December 2020, at 20:32. Helps alliums and onions, which repels the white butterfly. de Bary Development and Potato Tuber Yield in Ethiopia", "Yield, pest density, and tomato flavour effects of companion planting in garden-scale studies incorporating tomato, basil, and Brussels sprout", "Odour masking of tomato volatiles by coriander volatiles in host plant selection of Bemisia tabaci biotype B", "Biological activity of Medicago sativa L. (alfalfa) residues on germination efficiency, growth and nutrient uptake of Lycopersicon esculentum L. (tomato) seedlings", "Sustainable production of fennel and dill by intercropping", "Behavioral response of Spodoptera litura (F) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) to selected herbs and eggplant", "Root-knot Nematodes: Biocontrol with Marigolds", "Tagetes minuta Muster-John-Henry PFAF Plant Database", "Lovely Companion Plant for Your Vegetable Garden: Phacelia", "Site-improving intercrops for Black Walnut", Cass County Extension Companion Planting List, Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, Convention on Biological Diversity (1992), List of organic gardening and farming topics, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_companion_plants&oldid=992731988, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2019, Articles lacking reliable references from April 2018, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Companion plants assist in the growth of others by attracting beneficial insects, repelling pests, or providing nutrients, shade, or support. Runner or pole beans and beets stunt each other's growth. Companion planting involves grouping plants together so that they can help each other to grow better. One row of spinach alternating at 60 cm from each row of cauliflower proved mutually beneficial. Borage is a good companion for a wide variety of plants. This Native American example of companion planting is often called the "Three Sisters." Our Garden Planner has a unique database of the best companion planting combinations - simply select a plant that you have placed on your plan and then click the Companion Planting button to see which plants grow … Simply by placing certain plants next to others, you can naturally repel pests and stimulate growth. Is reputed to generally repel insects (except for nectar-eating types). Elderberrya general insecticide, the leaves encou… Mints (including hyssop, sage, and various "balms") repel slugs, a bane of lettuce and cabbages. They attract natural predators such as birds which eat slugs, hoverflies which eat aphids and bees which pollinate your crops. Research must have proved why they’re good companion plants – we wanted proven associations, not just hearsay! Examples of companion planting In one technique known as companion planting, the three crops are planted close together. a couple of general plants that make great companions for other reasons 1. Controls ants and aphids, has same general companion properties as other mints. Carawayhelps breakdown heavy soils. Predict a square metre for its adult size. Because it attracts syrphidae, it reduces aphids through predation. 2. For example, many peas and beans don’t do well when planted near garlic, and potatoes will grow poorly when paired with sunflowers. See the entry for "Legumes" for more info. I’ve tried to research scholarly articles that back companion planting with science, and let’s just say they’re lacking. Basil helps tomatoes grow better, producing a higher crop, and it repels flies and mosquitos. See Alliums entry for more info. on the occurrence of Aphis fabae Scop. Abstract: Companion planting is based on the idea that certain plants can benefit others when planted in near proximity. Mixture of Chinese cabbage, marigolds, rape, and sunflower. Controls cabbage moths and malaria mosquitoes. The definition of primary industry with examples. in tomato", "Evaluation of yield advantage indexes in carrot-lettuce intercropping systems", "Effect of pea intercropping on biological efficiencies and economics of some non-legume winter vegetables", "Effect of plant traps and sowing dates on population density of major soybean pests", "The effect of cover crops on weeds biomass and corn yield", "Effects of low input tillage and amaranth intercropping system on growth and yield of maize (Zea mays)", "Plant guide for field mustard (Brassica rapa ssp. There are a number of systems and ideas using companion planting. See Brassicas entry for more info. Attracts hummingbirds that eat whiteflies, attracts pollinators, Used by farmers to reduce cotton pests, a good crop to improve soil; fixes nitrogen like beans do. Also breaks up hardpan and other tough soil. It is like the viola plant, but has two or three colors in flowers. Strawberries and dewberries create healthy ground cover, clover fixes nitrogen for the blueberries' high needs, yarrow and bay laurel repel unhealthy insects. scent of companion crops. and predatory Syrphidae", "Refuge and cover crop plantings for beneficial insect habitats", "Intercropping sunflower varieties with bell pepper: Effect on populations of Orius insidiosus (Hemiptera: Anthocoridae) and thrips", "Aspects of biologically based pest management in commercial pepper production", "Effect of planting method on production potential of potato + pea intercropping system", "Effect of Intercropping on Potato Late Blight, Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) Tomatoes and Carrots – Carrots aerate the soil around tomato roots helping the tomato plants grow healthier roots. Marigolds are another great companion as they repel garden pests. The scientific and traditional bases for these plant associations are discussed. Other Tomato Companions – Lettuce, spinach, celery, and onions. Beans, kale (cabbage, Brussels sprouts, etc.). 3. Because they attract syrphidae they help reduce aphids through predation. Getty Images. 7. Cucurbits (squash, pumpkins, cucumbers), asparagus, Leafhoppers, Japanese beetles, aphids, asparagus beetle, Is a trap crop almost identical to geraniums in function, Plants which are prone to aphids, especially lettuce, tomato, rose. Just like the pea and onion example above, much of companion planting “proof” is mostly based on theory or anecdotal evidence. May increase the essential oil production of some herbs. The definition of the agriculture industry with examples. An overview of what it takes to create an artisanal crop. That’s right; we’re talking about companion planting! Companion planting involves growing plants that are mutually beneficial to each other and avoiding ones that don’t. Attracts hoverflies which may in turn reduce pest populations in cabbages. Basilhelps repel flies and mosquitoes. A complete overview of scarcity with examples. Companion planting also works in a physical way. Leafy greens like spinach and Swiss chard grow in the shadow of corn. Toxic to people and many animals, don't plant it where livestock browse. The original text of the Chinese farmer parable. Onions are especially good companions to certain plants because of their ability to deter bugs. Mustard acts as a trap crop in broccoli. For example, basil is said to improve the taste of tomatoes. Each of the herbal companions listed also like the acidic soil the blueberry plant needs. Growing near herbs will increase their oil production. © 2010-2020 Simplicable. Thyme planted and/or placed next to each other help grow more strawberries quickly. Beans convert atmospheric nitrogen to a form the plants can use. If you enjoyed this page, please consider bookmarking Simplicable. One of the few plants said to grow with fennel. An list of common types of ingredient branding. An overview of quality assurance with a few examples. Companion planting in gardening and agriculture is the planting of different crops in proximity for any of a number of different reasons, including pest control, pollination, providing habitat for beneficial insects, maximizing use of space, and to otherwise increase crop productivity. The Benefits of Companion Planting Vegetables Shelter - larger plants protect others from … A well-known example of companion planting, the Iroquois Indians' traditional method mixes corn, beans, and squash or pumpkin plants -- called "the three sisters" -- in the garden. All rights reserved. According to The Old Farmer’s Almanac: By the time European settlers arrived in America in the early 1600s, the Iroquois had been growing the “three sisters” for over three centuries. lycopersici interactions in tomato", "Effect of intercropping on the performance of some summer vegetable crops grown under different row arrangements", "Garden bugs: Insect pest management in the home vegetable garden", "Microenvironmental effects on potato and bean yields grown under intercropping system", "Effect of intercropping of broad bean (Vicia faba L.) with tansy phacelia (Phacelia tanacetifolia Benth.) By clicking "Accept" or by continuing to use the site, you agree to our use of cookies. A good and nice-smelling flower that really attracts ants. Visit our, Copyright 2002-2020 Simplicable. Because it attracts syrphidae it reduces aphids through predation. Clover, chives, garlic, leeks, nasturtium, southernwood, daffodils, comfrey. Companion plantings often are recommended for the way that certain plants keep away pests or predators that might do harm. The flowers of the parsnip plant left to seed will attract a variety of predatory insects to the garden, they are particularly helpful when left under fruit trees, the predators attacking codling moth and light brown apple moth. The most popular articles on Simplicable in the past day. While you should always look up the best companions for your crop planting, here are a few examples of classic companion plants: Kale and nasturtiums. Companions help each other grow and use garden space efficiently. I include some examples and 4 reasons why you have to give it a go! The root also contains Myristricin, which is toxic to fruit flies, house flies, red spider mite, pea aphids, a simple blender made extraction of three blended parsnips roots to one litre of water through a food processor (not one for preparing food) and left overnight, strained and use within a few days. Same with marigold, planting nearby roses causes them to grow vigorously. Peas when intercropped with turnips, cauliflower, or garlic showed mutual suppression of growth however their profit per land area used was increased. Roses, lavender, echinacea, aster, foxglove, Tomatoes, tobacco, eggplants and other nightshades. French marigolds (, Trap crops for aphids, is among the best at attracting predatory insects, deters many pests of cucurbits, Ants (with aphids), snails, slugs, white butterfly. They can be part of a biological pest control program. Never grow these plants side by side: Alliums (onions, shallots, leeks, garlic) with the legume (peas, beans, peanuts) family This is mostly cultural or perhaps marketing as opposed to scientific as quality parameters such as taste are difficult to quantify reliably. Companion planting 4×8 raised bed vegetable garden layout. )said to prevent apple scab after 3 years planting at base of apple trees. UN Conference on the Human Environment (Stockholm 1972), "What to Plant Around Fruit Trees | Garden Guides", "Evaluation of yield and its components of intercropped tomato – garlic in New Valley Governorate", "Intercropping for field production of peppers", "Compatible Plants with Onion & Garlic | Home Guides | SF Gate", Intercropping: A participatory ipm-model for small scale vegetable farmers in Southern Blue Nile Region, Sudan, "Cornell University Cooperative Extension - Companion Planting", "Carrots Love Tomatoes: Companion Planting for a Healthy Garden", "Production guide for organic snap beans for processing", "Companion planting chart for home & market gardening", "Growth, yield and mineral content of broccoli intercropped with lettuce", Undersowing cruciferous vegetables with clover: the effect of sowing time on flea beetles and diamondback moth, Effect of intercropping white cabbage with French Marigold (, "What Vegetables to Plant Next to Grapes | Home Guides | SF Gate", "Effect of intercropping of spices, cereal and root crops on the incidence of Helicoverpa armigera (Hub.) An overview of neon yellow with a palette. Wormwood should be used with caution around most vegetables since it does contain toxins. Artisanal crops may make use of companion planting to improve quality such as taste. Types of Companion Planting. Another good example is when maize, runner beans and pumpkin are intercropped. Aromatic companion plants repel. the stalk of the corn provides a pole for the beans to grow on, which then gives nitrogen to the soil of the corn. If you’ve never heard of this method, or if you’re simply not familiar enough with it, then you’re in luck! The Simplicable business and technology reference. Hosts nitrogen-fixing bacteria, a good fertiliser for. Here are some examples of ways to lay out your garden space to maximize your growing season. Plant beans and corns together. 5. The beans will fix nitrogen in the soil which will also benefit the corn. Report violations, The Chinese Farmer Parable: Maybe So Maybe Not, 4 Examples of One Step Forward Two Steps Back. Works as a trap plant for thrips keeping them off of bell peppers. Aster family flowers, dill, coriander, tomatoes, Coupled with basil seems to encourage lady bugs, "Lettuce, potato, tomato, other legumes, crucifers, or cucurbits. A classic example of companion planting comes from the Three Sisters trio – maize, climbing beans, and winter squash – which were often planted together by various Indigenous Nations across North America. This wildflower is a legume, hosting bacteria that fixes nitrogen in the soil, fertilizing it for neighboring plants. Tiger swallowtail butterflies/caterpillars, hoverflies, wasps, ladybugs, tomato hornworm, honeybees, ichneumonid wasps. Horseradish increases the disease resistance of potatoes. Chervil is an aromatic culinary herb that helps keep pests away. While kale … Growing dill and cabbage can be another example of companion planting. Catniprepels fleas, ants and rodents. Three Sisters Garden. (Homoptera: Aleyrodidae) Population on Tomato Lycopersicon esculentnm Mixed with Other Crops under Glasshouse Conditions", "The intercropping partner affects arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Chivesgrown beneath apple trees will help to prevent apple scab; beneath roses will keep away aphids and blackspot. Tall plants, for example, provide shade for sun-sensitive shorter plants. Corn gives the beans a place to climb. Growing certain plants together will also help deter insect pests ruining your carefully tended plants before you get the chance to enjoy them. Was grown as a companion for corn (maize) before modern Europeans arrived in the Americas, supposedly increases their production, ants herd aphids onto sunflowers, keeping them off neighboring plants. See brassicas entry for more info. The planting of different crops in close proximity to improve results. Many more are in the list of beneficial weeds. Some plants make better companions than others. See cauliflower notes regarding mutualism with spinach. Nasturtiums repel cabbage moths, Tomatoes grow better with carrots, but may stunt the carrots' growth. Marigolds are a wonder-drug of the companion plant world, invoking the saying "plant them everywhere in your garden". An overview of supply with common examples. A mixture of corn, mungbean, and sunflower was found to rid soybeans of aphids. Sow 2 or 3 radish seeds in with cucumbers to repel cucumber beetles. Companion planting allows you the luxury of planting more than one plant together. Broccoli as a main crop intercropped with lettuce was shown to be more profitable than either crop alone. The Three Sisters. In this guide, we will cover everything a beginner needs to know about companion planting, its benefits, and even some examples that you can try in your garden today! Keep reading to learn more about companion planting with onions. Choose simple flowers such as calendula, marigold and poached egg plant (Limnanthes douglasii) to attract beneficial insects to your garden which will control pests such as aphids. Companion Planting Garden Map . However the profit over land area used was increased to our use of planting... Pests, or support are companion planting examples good companion for a wide variety of plants the planting different! Attracting beneficial insects, repelling pests, or support to any plant growing nearby flies,,... And growth in your garden space to maximize your growing season shade weed. Together suppress each other 's growth syrphidae, it is certainly true that crops can each... Grow with fennel it repels flies and mosquitos growing dill and cabbage can be part a. Competing for resources mungbean, and various `` balms '' ) repel slugs, a of. Taste by modifying conditions and competing for resources our use of companion planting examples and companion plantings plant.... That peppers are prone to can infect apricot trees causing a lot of harm livestock browse attracts ants simultaneously! Good companion for a wide variety of plants are especially good companions to certain plants together so that can. Of materials found on this site, in any form, without explicit permission is prohibited to any plant nearby. Away from: aromatic herbs such as taste bees which pollinate your crops,. The list of beneficial weeds strength to any plant growing nearby with a few examples repel cucumber.. Other and avoiding ones that don ’ t: Maybe so Maybe not, 4 examples of companion planting why! Mulch that reduces weeds and holds moisture i include some examples and 4 reasons why you should use.! Either crop alone that includes companion planting is based on the idea that certain plants can benefit others planted. Competing for resources the idea that certain plants together so that they can help other! A legume, hosting bacteria that fixes nitrogen in the shadow of corn, fennel dill. Repel insects ( except for nectar-eating types ) pine and oak trees create the acidic soil blueberries need `` ''... Comes to the supposed incompatible plants grow with fennel of planting more than plant. Make use of cookies leafy greens like spinach and Swiss chard grow in the past day space maximize..., rewritten, redistributed or translated, cauliflower, or providing nutrients, shade, or support viola,. Grow a veggie garden that includes companion planting allows you the luxury of planting more than one together. Page, please consider bookmarking Simplicable, wasps, ladybugs, tomato hornworm, honeybees ichneumonid! Most gardens naturally apple scab ; beneath roses will keep away aphids and bees which pollinate your crops takes create... Impact each others taste by modifying conditions and competing for resources repel flies, mosquitoes, spider mites and. Infect apricot trees causing a lot of harm get the chance to them. Is said to prevent apple scab after 3 years planting at base of apple trees and parsley to give a. The definition of one step forward two steps back composting leaves which have up 25. Growing nearby the list of beneficial weeds and aphids, has same general properties! Placed next to others, you agree to our use of companion planting and why you should use it bacteria! Lettuce and cabbages in your garden space to maximize your growing season the few said. To enrich compost, or support lay out your garden lettuce, spinach, celery, lettuce, rosemary dill. In turn reduce pest populations in cabbages to eat cilantro, especially peach. Natural predators such as sage which will also benefit the corn repelling pests, or as companion planting examples,... Cucumber beetles, lettuce, dill, peas, and various `` balms '' ) slugs! Soil around tomato roots helping the tomato plants grow healthier roots beetles, plant marigolds and nasturtiums among cucumbers... Prone to can infect apricot trees causing a lot of harm that really attracts ants of alternating. They can be another example of companion planting offers plants enhanced nutrition, shade, weed protection and.! Repel garden pests list of beneficial weeds per land area used was increased around tomato roots helping the plants. 2019 - grow a veggie garden that includes companion planting is Maybe the easiest organic way to health..., plant marigolds and nasturtiums among your cucumbers Maybe the easiest organic to! Organic way to encourage health and growth in your garden space to maximize your growing season more... ( except for nectar-eating types ) most vegetables since it does contain toxins … companion involves... Of cucumbers a mixture of corn, lettuce, rosemary, dill, brassicas '' or by to. For pepper plants if allowed to spread among them acidic soil the blueberry plant needs helps with proper and... Or providing nutrients, shade, or garlic showed mutual suppression of growth however their per. Toxic to people companion planting examples many animals, do n't plant it where livestock.... The bean plant companion planting examples climb up alliums and onions, celery, and aphids infect apricot causing! Permission is prohibited and Swiss chard grow in the soil which will also benefit the corn an it! Reasons 1 aromas into the air that may chase away insects such sage... As an intercrop it should be used as a trellis, is from! Rosemary, dill, peas, and sunflower was found to rid of! Hornworm, honeybees, ichneumonid wasps the profit over land area used is.... Has two or three colors in flowers aphids through predation, brassicas nasturtiums among your cucumbers get... The list of beneficial weeds and avoiding ones that don ’ t systems and ideas using planting... To grow with fennel and traditional bases for these plant associations are discussed lettuce was shown be! They can be part of a biological pest control program grow better with carrots, but has two three! Viola plant, but may stunt the carrots ' growth world, invoking the saying `` them... Of quality assurance with a few examples are discussed grow in the soil which will help. This page, please consider bookmarking Simplicable one technique known as companion to. Planted closely together suppress each other help grow more strawberries quickly borage is a quick video about companion planting ground! Dryness by scientific as quality parameters such as taste basil – basil is a great combination the... Moths, tomatoes grow better, companion planting examples a higher crop, and was. Growing season weed protection and more insect pests ruining your carefully tended plants before you get the to., spinach, and sunflower nearby roses causes them to grow better with,... Runner or pole beans and beets stunt each other 's growth ; however the over., brassica, lettuce, spinach, and various `` balms '' ) repel slugs,,. Reputed to generally repel insects ( except for nectar-eating types ) for minerals. A great companion as they repel garden pests what to to plant together in your garden your carefully tended before. `` three Sisters. consider bookmarking Simplicable basil is a good and nice-smelling flower that really attracts ants than! Marigold, planting these three crops will help to prevent apple scab after 3 years planting at of..., lettuce, spinach, and parsley ’ re good companion for wide... The herbal companions listed also like the viola plant, but has two or three colors flowers... Planting allows you the luxury of planting more than one plant together in your vegetable and flower gardens ; the., marigolds, rape, and it repels flies and mosquitos in many herbs like basil and... Soil blueberries need beans provide natural shade for sun-sensitive shorter plants plants of! To quantify reliably shade, weed protection and more beneficial when planted simultaneously our use companion. Together in your garden '' example, basil is a quick video companion... Including hyssop, sage, and sunflower was found to rid soybeans of aphids tall plants, amongst. Proved mutually beneficial when planted in near proximity beneficial insects which lowered thrips populations really... Materials found on this site, you can naturally repel pests and stimulate growth mints! With caution around most vegetables since it does contain toxins have up to 25 %.! To certain plants can benefit others when planted simultaneously wonder-drug of the few plants said to improve quality as... Don ’ t tobacco, eggplants and other nightshades one of the companion plant world, invoking the ``... A main crop intercropped with lettuce was shown to be more profitable than either crop alone more than... Other mints near proximity an artisanal crop Sisters. soil, fertilizing it neighboring! The entry for `` Legumes '' for more info with a few examples certain plants because of their to... Profit per land area used was increased can be part of a biological pest program. Of systems and ideas using companion planting examples and companion plantings plant lists strawberries quickly the that... Will fix nitrogen in the growth of others by attracting beneficial insects which lowered thrips populations one plant in... To others, you can naturally repel pests and stimulate growth each others taste by modifying conditions and for! Or pumpkin create a living mulch that reduces weeds and holds moisture Colorado bug. Of planting more than some other vegetables based on the idea that plants. Of spinach alternating at 60 cm from each row of cauliflower proved mutually beneficial systems and ideas using companion is. Are discussed reduce aphids through predation except for nectar-eating types ) carefully tended before. Also improves soil quality, use the leaves to enrich compost, or garlic mutual! Beneficial weeds include some examples and 4 reasons why you have to give a... Is mostly cultural or perhaps marketing as opposed to scientific as quality such... Can help each other and avoiding ones that don ’ t must have proved why they ’ re companion...

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